How to Create a Lighting Plan for Your Home

Lighting is an essential part of any home, providing both comfort and ambiance. When done right, a lighting plan can dramatically improve the atmosphere of your home. However, it can be difficult to know where to start. In this article, we will explore how to create a lighting plan that meets your needs and provides the perfect amount of illumination. 

Importance Of Creating A Lighting Plan

Creating a lighting plan for your home is an essential aspect of interior design. It involves carefully considering how you want to light each room in your home and selecting the appropriate fixtures, bulbs, and lighting control systems to achieve your desired effect.

The importance of creating a lighting plan for your home cannot be overstated. Lighting plays a crucial role in determining the functionality, energy efficiency, safety, security, and aesthetics of your home.

From a functional perspective, a lighting plan ensures that each area of your home has the appropriate lighting to facilitate different activities. For example, you may need task lighting in the kitchen, ambient lighting in the living room, and accent lighting in the hallway. A lighting plan takes into account the specific needs of each space and ensures that your lighting design provides the necessary illumination for each activity.

Energy efficiency is another crucial consideration when creating a lighting plan for your home. Lighting accounts for a significant portion of your electricity bill, so it's essential to select energy-efficient bulbs and fixtures that can help you save money. A lighting plan can help you choose the right bulbs and fixtures, install dimmer switches or timers, and use natural light sources where possible, thereby reducing your energy consumption and costs.

A lighting plan is also essential for creating the right ambiance and aesthetics in your home. Lighting can dramatically affect the overall look and feel of the room you’re in. A well-designed lighting plan can help you create a comfortable and inviting ambiance that complements your home's décor. You can use different types of lighting fixtures, such as pendant lights or floor lamps, to add visual interest and create focal points in your rooms.

A Guide To Creating Your Plan

Draft A Plan Of Your Floor

The first step of creating a lighting plan is to draft a plan of your floor space. This requires taking accurate measurements of the space and drawing up the actual floor plan. When measuring, you should be aware of any architectural details that might affect the lighting design, such as doorways, windows, and furniture. It is important to record the measurements of all areas of the floor so you can accurately draw up the plan. Once you have the measurements, you can use a computer program or drawing software, or even just a pencil and paper to create a detailed plan of the floor space.

Mark Objects That Can’t Be Moved And General Functions

Once you have drafted the plan of your floor space, the next step is to mark out any immovable objects such as fixed furnishings, doors, and windows. These elements must be taken into consideration when creating the lighting plan as they will have an effect on the design. Furniture that cannot be moved should be marked on the plan and its dimensions should be noted. It is important to record the measurements of any doors or windows that are in the space as they too can affect the lighting design. Once you have marked out all the immovable objects, you can begin to plan the lighting design.

Draw In Your Furniture

The next step in creating a lighting plan is to draw in all the furniture. This can be done by referencing the measurements you took earlier and then plotting the furniture pieces onto the plan. When plotting the furniture, it is important to consider how the pieces will be arranged and how they will affect the lighting design. For example, large furniture pieces such as sofas or armchairs may need to be placed in a particular area to maximize the lighting design.

Note Down Existing Sockets And Circuits

After this, you should  note down any existing sockets and circuits in the room. This is important as it can help you determine what type of lighting fixtures will be suitable for the design. It is also important to note down any safety requirements that need to be taken into account, such as GFCI outlets or surge protectors. Once you have noted down the existing sockets and circuits, you can begin to plan the lighting fixtures. This can involve selecting the type of fixtures, the wattage, and the positioning of the fixtures. This information can then be used to create a sufficient plan that will meet the needs of the space.

Choose The Location Of Your Light Sources

The final step in deciding where everything will be placed in your plan is to choose the location of your light sources. You should consider the size, shape, and function of the space and also the type of lighting fixtures that you have chosen and their wattage. 

It's essential to consider both the placement of the fixtures and the direction of the light. For example, in a kitchen, you may need task lighting over the counters and ambient lighting over the dining table. In a living room, you may want accent lighting such as picture lights to highlight artwork or architectural features, as well as ambient lighting to create a comfortable atmosphere.

Once you have determined the location of your light sources, you can begin to plot them onto the plan. 

Selecting The Best Type Of Lighting

When selecting the best type of lighting for your home, it is important to consider a range of variables including budget, requirements of the room, and the overall theme/ design you want to go for.

Consider Requirements Of The Room

Each room in your home is often used for different activities. For example, in a living room, you may need a combination of different types of lighting, such as bright task lighting for reading, accent lighting for artwork, and general lighting for everyday activities. In a bedroom, you may need a combination of ambient lighting, such as a ceiling fan with a light, as well as a bedside lamp for reading. In a kitchen, you will need a combination of task lighting, such as under-cabinet lighting, as well as general lighting, such as spotlights

Additionally, you may want to consider the colour temperature of the light and the type of light bulbs you are using, such as LED or incandescent. The right combination of lighting can create a comfortable atmosphere and bring out the unique features of your home.


Another important factor to consider is budget. Lighting can range from lesser expensive options to more expensive fixtures. It is important to find a balance between what you can afford and the look and function you are looking for. 

When working on a budget, it's essential to prioritise your lighting needs and select fixtures that will provide the most significant benefit. For example, you may need to invest in good quality task lighting for your kitchen or reading area, rather than splurging on high-end decorative fixtures that don't provide the necessary illumination.

Another way to save money when buying lighting fixtures is to choose energy-efficient options. Although these fixtures may be more expensive initially, they will save you money in the long run by reducing your energy bills. For example, LED light bulbs are more expensive than traditional incandescent bulbs, but they last much longer and use less energy.

Additionally, you may want to consider the lifespan of the lighting fixtures you purchase. Although cheaper options may be tempting, they may not last as long as more expensive fixtures, which will ultimately cost you more in the long run.

Theme/ Design

When considering the interior design of your home, it's essential to choose lighting fixtures that complement your existing décor. For example, if you have a modern, minimalist living room, you may want to choose sleek, simple fixtures that are functional yet stylish. Alternatively, if you have a more traditional or ornate décor, you may want to choose more decorative fixtures that add to the ambiance of the room.

Another aspect to consider when choosing lighting fixtures is the colour scheme of your room. Lighting fixtures are available in a range of colours and finishes, from brass and copper to black and white. By selecting fixtures that match the colour scheme of your room, you can create a cohesive and harmonious look.

The size and shape of lighting fixtures are also crucial considerations. You should choose fixtures that are the appropriate size and scale for the room they will be placed in. For example, a small table lamp may be lost in a large living room, while a large chandelier may overwhelm a small dining room.

The type of lighting fixtures you choose can also impact the overall ambiance. Different types of lighting fixtures, such as recessed lighting, pendant lights, and wall sconces, can create different effects in a room. For example, recessed lighting can create a subtle, ambient glow, while pendant lights can create a more dramatic and focused illumination.


Creating a lighting plan for your home is an essential aspect of interior design that can greatly enhance the functionality, energy efficiency, safety, security, and aesthetics of your living spaces. By carefully considering the lighting needs of each room, choosing appropriate fixtures and bulbs, selecting energy-efficient options, and prioritising your budget and interior design preferences, you can create a well-lit and visually appealing home. 

Whether you're renovating your existing home or designing a new one, creating a lighting plan can be extremely helpful for creating a home that is comfortable, functional, and beautiful. 

Here at Lights 4 Living we pride ourselves on offering only the highest quality indoor and outdoor lighting, including ceiling lights, chandeliers, wall lights, floor lamps, and table lamps. Whatever you need to complement your room, we are confident that you will find it here at a price that meets your budget.
11 months ago
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